Google Earth, beyond being an instrument of entertainment for the general public, has also become a visual support for cartography, both to show results and to check that the work that is being done is consistent; not to say as a pedagogical tool for geography or geodesy classes.
In this case I'm going to help Manifold GIS to build the quadrants and Google Earth to check the results, taking advantage of an exercise that we developed together with Cristian Mejía, a surveyor from Sucre with whose help the experience was made. In principle, we need to delimit an area on which we will work, in the case of Bolivia, it is located between the 19, 20 and 21 zones; and latitudes 8 and 24 degrees, in the southern hemisphere. All this can be taken out of Google Earth with simple inspection, Changing the option to see it in UTM to visualize the zones and in geographic to see the latitudes and longitudes.
1 The quadrant of the three areas of interest.
In Manifold it is done with View> grid
Then we indicate that we expect a quadrant that goes from the longitude -54 to the -72, they are negative because they are in the western hemisphere. And the latitude we select between -8 and -24, as they are negative for being below the equator.
We also indicate how we want to divide it; The full dimension is 18 (3 6 spindles) in length and 16 (2 times 8 degrees) at latitude. We indicate that you believe us tiles instead of simple lines. And there we have the three zones, as it is above in Google Earth,. To test it, we right click on the layer and export to kml, making the visual aspect so logical, that in a geodesy laboratory 20 years ago it was difficult to understand.
2 The 1 maps: 250,000
For example, let's work the 20 zone in the same way. In this case, the 1: 250,000 sheets have a dimension of 1.5 x 1 degree, equivalent to dividing the entire area into a matrix of 16 x 4 tiles.
We indicate that now we only want the grid that is between the lengths 60 and 66, and The latitude of 8 to 24; Implying that the 6 grades will be divided into 1.5 segments and the latitudes in 1 grade segments.
Done: to check, right click and export to kml. In the lat / long view you can check if the lines match the Google Earth grid.
To add the centroids all tiles are selected, and a geopreocessing function is applied, as seen in the following graphic. It is not necessary to make another layer, because Manifold supports different types of objects in it, if you want to send to another, they should not even be selected because they are created with activated selection so that only Cut / paste.
3 The 1 maps: 100,000
In this case, nothing changes more than the spacing, the 1.5 degrees are divided into three segments, so they remain 0.50 x 0.50.
4. 1 maps: 50,000
Needless to say, the next layer is divided into 0.25 x 0.166667 segments, since we are splitting it in 2 x 3 matrix, as seen in the final result. On the right is the layers, inside a folder and below them within a map, such As we explain one day.
And this is how it would be in Google Earth, we could do it all at once, with the whole area, however it is not convenient because we are going to need to transform them to UTM and this is done with layers separated by area.
It's funny that the Manifold .map file that contains all the layers, just measures 85 kb and Google Earth 59 kb.
Here you can download the file in Format .map for Manifold GIS and .kmz for Google Earth.
In short, doing this without Google Earth would have required much more time for abstract checking and the doubt of a probable error. Google images They will not be so accurate, But as a pedagogical tool can be very useful, to the degree that its versatility has taken the conventional spheres to little less than office ornaments.