This latest issue of National Geographic brings two topics of great interest:
On the one hand, an extensive report of the patrimony modeling process using the laser capture systems.
This is a collection item, which explains the complexity of the work on the faces of Mount Rushmore in South Dakota and the frieze of Hindu gods with their female companions in Rani Ki Vav, the eleventh century staggered pit in the west of India.
The other collection object of this edition is the anniversary map of the 125 years, which consists of a copy of 50 x 75 centimeters of the First General Reference Map of the World of National Geographic Society, published in December of 1922 and that reflected the Dramatic changes from the early 20th century after the First World War.
It is interesting and educational in subjects that we barely saw above in the Social Studies Class of that Ninth Degree of the Alfonso Guillén Zelaya Institute. This map redraws the political borders of Europe and the Middle East after the Treaty of 1919. It was at that time that losing Germany was derided, and its territories in Africa and the Pacific passed into the hands of the victors. The explorers had reached the south and north poles, although large ice-covered expanses of the Arctic and Antarctic Ocean remained unexplored.
It is certain that there was more cartography, but for National Geographic it was a tremendous achievement to publish an "official" map of how the result of a first world war was, in which for four years an average daily death of 6,046 people per day died. On the map you can see curiosities that can only be seen in this way, such as:
- Iran was still called Persia. This is what the Soviet Union would call after the transformation of the Tsar Empire. Turkey also appears after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. And of the dissolution of the Austrohungarian Empire appear the State of Austria and the Republics Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
- The Japanese mandate can be seen on much of the Pacific Islands; That position that gave him the air of liberator and turned him into a tyrant for the Second World War. I can still remember the leftist version of my teacher, when he explained that Japan invaded in an air of liberating the territories colonized by the great British and French empires, then forgot and ended up being another colonizer who won a huge mess with the great.
- The map shows the aerial routes attempts, which by then was novel to appear on the map. Continuous air routes appear in continuous line, that are hardly short sections within the continents. On the dotted line, the routes authorized but not in operation, are here Buenos Aires - Rio de Janeiro, and a stretch from the extreme of Brazil to Senegal in Africa. Other intercontinental routes only appear as flown but not commercially adopted.
- The map has small inlays of sea currents, winds and population density. The highest are above 400 people per square mile, in which barely figure eastern China, southern Japan, central India and Northern France. Between 100 and 400 inhabitants per square mile is Central Europe, India, China, United States just a speck in New York. By then the United States was nobody, except the only industrialized country of America, but its participation paved the way for it to position itself in the world as creditor and new colonizer.