It is known as LGAF, to the methodology that in Spanish is known as Framework of Evaluation of the Governance of the Earth.
This is an instrument with which the diagnosis of a country's legal status is made, in terms of legislation and practices related to public policy specifically with land tenure and use. It is promoted by the World Bank and FAO, among others; it is usually applied in countries where land management modernization projects have been promoted, based on a presentation by Klaus Deininger, Harris Selod and Tony Burns in The Land Governance Assessment Framework: Identifying and Monitoring Good Practice in the Land Sector.
The steps of the methodology of Earth Governance
One of the potentialities of this exercise is that it allows through analysis, panels and follow-up agreements, to involve experts and technicians diagnose five basic areas:
- Legal and Institutional Framework
- Land Use Planning, Land Administration and Taxation
- State Land Administration
- Provision of Land Information to the Public
- Dispute Resolution and Conflict Management
Each of these areas has a series of milestones, concentrated in 21 indicators of land governance, disaggregated in 80, basic dimensions with which it is possible to gradually identify the advances, bottlenecks and actions necessary for integrated territorial management be a point of support for development. Additionally, two more modules are applied, which are usually linked to projects where the regularization process has reached necessary stages in shaping the legal framework:
- Large-Scale Land Rights Acquisition
The document can be downloaded from the World Bank website, in different languages. However I leave it In Scribd for what very useful documents end up in a broken link with time. In general, the manual provides a systematic guide to coordinate and implement the Earth Governance method, details the requirements for the recruitment of experts, provides instructions for the preliminary collection of data, the organization of panels of experts, and the execution of semi-structured interviews and provides a format to organize the results.
Much of this exercise may seem poetic, for technicians who are called to identify how they do things, why, and how it could be better; especially because the administrative / state issue is usually the point of greatest weakness in an area where geomatic research and development has reached surprising levels. But in the end, it is a necessary drink if we want the points captured in the field to end up in public policies that produce wealth and improve the living conditions of the inhabitants.
Territory management in public policies
I hang the document here, since its utility is of public interest, while still recommending my best reading suggestion: "Why nations fail". The reason why I suggest the joint study of the two instruments, is because geomatics are not very given to study Economics, and this is one of the most prominent, where the subject will seem familiar. The book (Why Nations Fail) is by Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson, in a masterful position based on examples, on how the vision of the territory for public policy decisions can be a decisive factor for a nation to succeed or fail.
It is likely that the reading in leisure time will inspire a good marijuana pure, if not ours, of the authors of these contents. But beyond the joke, it is likely that the reflection makes us think that in this subject there is much to do, more from the good practices of others than the reinvention of what has already been proven.
- Little benefit is given to the settlers, with a title deed in their hands, if the quaternary sector (government) moves very slowly in modernizing the administrative career of its officials.
- A smoked study of Land-use planning, Can finish in some maps painted on the walls of a municipality, if they are not accompanied by development plans that indicate in a simple way how with their resources can be reached a vision of the territory.
How the Earth Governance diagnosis (LGAF) is implemented
For now, I will be working in some areas of a process to be developed in this section of the UTM Zone 15N. So I hope to talk about it from time to time, and nourish in a practical way what may be of interest to readers who like democratized knowledge.